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US v Davis

6-19-2012 5th Circuit:

US v Davis

Robert A. Davis, III, pleaded guilty, pursuant to a conditional guilty plea, to failure to register as a convicted sex offender in violation of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), 18 U.S.C. § 2250(a), reserving his right to appeal the challenges to SORNA made in his motion to dismiss the indictment. The district court sentenced Davis to 37 months in prison to be followed by a life term of supervised release.

On appeal, Davis argues that,
  • (1) he was never advised of the registration requirements of SORNA, as required by 42 U.S.C. § 16917, in violation of the Due Process Clause;
  • (2) the retroactive application of SORNA violates the Ex Post Facto Clause;
  • (3) SORNA violates the Tenth Amendment by requiring state officials to administer federal law;
  • (4) Congress violated the non-delegation doctrine by giving the Attorney General the power to decide whether SORNA applied retroactively;
  • (5) SORNA's registration requirement violates the Commerce Clause by making failure to register a federal crime;
  • (6) regulations issued by the Attorney General were given without notice and comment in violation of the Administrative Procedures Act (APA); and
  • (7) SORNA does not apply to him because Mississippi has not yet adopted it.

Davis's complaints as to the notice and APA deficiencies, as well as his reliance on the holding in Reynolds v. United States, 132 S.Ct. 975 (2012), are unavailing as he traveled in interstate commerce after the final regulations were issued, which were published with proper notice and comment rulemaking. See 73 Fed. Reg. 38031-01.

His remaining claims are foreclosed by our opinion in United States v. Johnson, 632 F.3d 912 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 132 S.Ct. 135 (2011). Davis asks us to reconsider the rulings in Johnson, and alternatively, he presents these issues to preserve them for further appellate review. This panel may not reconsider the court's precedent absent an overriding Supreme Court decision, a change in statutory law, or en banc consideration. See United States v. Zuniga-Salinas, 952 F.2d 876, 877 (5th Cir. 1992) (en banc).

Accordingly, the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.

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