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Wallace v. State

9-26-2014 New York:

Wallace -v- State

In this case ("Wallace"),1 nine individuals ("Plaintiffs") claim that New York State sex offender registration requirements and residency restrictions punish them retroactively for offenses they already committed and, thus, violate the Ex Post Facto Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 9, Clause 3); and that similar residency restrictions under County and Town laws are not only unconstitutional, but preempted by state law. (Dkt. No. 5 ("Am. Compl.") ¶¶ 1-3.)

Plaintiffs also claim that, as a result of the County residency restrictions, they are, or have been, homeless and relegated to County-run trailers, subject to living conditions that infringe upon their Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection under the law. (Id. ¶¶ 45-46.)

Defendants—the State of New York (the "State")2; the County of Suffolk (the "County") and Susan Westergaard, in her official capacity on behalf of the Suffolk County Department of Social Services3 (the "County DSS") (collectively, the "County Defendants")4; Mark Epley, in his official capacity as Mayor on behalf of the Town of Southampton5 (the "Town")6; and Alexander Roberts, in his official capacity as Executive Director of Community Housing Innovations, Inc. ("CHI")—move the Court to dismiss the claims against them in the Wallace Complaint. (Dkt. Nos. 68-70; 79.)

For the reasons set forth below, the Court grants Defendants' motions in their entirety and dismisses the Wallace Complaint with prejudice, except Plaintiffs' state law preemption claims as to which the Court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction and dismisses without prejudice.

See also: Judge Rejects Sex Offenders' Challenge to Residency Laws....NY Law Journal

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